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  • 栏杆简介
  • 本站编辑:杭州烨群装饰工程有限公司发布日期:2019-06-11 18:43 浏览次数:

栏杆中国古称阑干,也称勾阑,是桥梁和建筑上的安全设施。栏杆在使用中起分隔、导向的作用,使被分割区域边界明确清晰,设计好的栏杆,很具装饰意义。周代礼器座上有类似栏杆的构件。汉代以卧棂式栏杆为最多。六朝盛行钩片勾阑。栏杆转角立望柱或寻杖绞口造者,均可见于云冈石窟、敦煌壁画。元明清的木栏杆比较纤细,而石栏杆逐渐脱离木制栏杆的形制,趋向厚重。清末以后,西方古典比例、尺度和装饰的栏杆形式进入中国。现代栏杆的材料和造型更为多样。

从形式上看,栏杆可分为节间式与连续式两种。前者由立柱,扶手及横挡组成,扶手支撑于立柱上;后者具有连续的扶手,由扶手,栏杆柱及底座组成。常见种类有:木制栏杆、石栏杆、不锈钢栏杆、铸铁栏杆、铸造石栏杆、水泥栏杆、组合式栏杆。

一般低栏高0.2~0.3米,中栏0.8~0.9米,高栏1.1~1.3米。栏杆柱的间矩一般为0.5~2米。

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The railings were called dry in ancient China, also known as hooks, and were safety facilities on bridges and buildings. The railings play a separate and guiding role in the use of the railings, so that the boundaries of the divided areas are clear and clear, and the well-designed railings are very decorative. There are railing similar components on the ceremonial seat of the Zhou Dynasty. The Han Dynasty used the horizontal railing as the most. The six dynasties prevailed. The railing corner stand column or the person who finds the rod is found in the Yungang Grottoes and Dunhuang murals. The wooden railings of the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties were relatively slender, and the stone railings gradually separated from the shape of the wooden railings and tended to be heavy. After the late Qing Dynasty, Western classical proportions, scales, and decorative railings entered China. The materials and shapes of modern railings are more diverse.
Formally speaking, the railings can be divided into two types: internode and continuous. The former is composed of columns, handrails and bars, and handrails are supported on the pillars; The latter has a continuous armrest consisting of armrests, railings, and a base. Common types are: wooden railings, Stone railings, stainless steel railings, cast iron railings, cast stone railings, cement railings, combined railings.
The general low column height is 0.2 to 0.3 meters, the middle column is 0.8 to 0.9 meters, and the high column is 1.1 to 1.3 meters. The interval between the railings is generally 0.5 to 2 meters.